Upper School

Course Descriptions 6th-9th grade 


Answers Bible Curriculum (AiG): As middle school students face unique pressures, they need guidance to learn how to live godly lives in a culture that is becoming increasingly secular. This curriculum emphasizes using God’s Word to find answers and apply them to daily life. Easy-to-understand apologetics helps students to understand that the Bible is trustworthy and equips them to defend their faith to anyone who asks, “How do you know the Bible is true?”

Heritage Studies 6 gives a brief overview of approximately 5,000 years of ancient history, beginning with creation. Each chapter will highlight the five features that characterize a civilization: organized cities and government; social classes; job specialization; arts, sciences, and written languages; and religion. Major historical civilizations from around the world are considered in this course from a Biblical worldview.

English 6 continues to expand the study of grammar by emphasizing the correct use of the eight parts of speech and providing various writing projects to help students apply their knowledge to real-life skills.

Reading 6 The primary goals of Reading 6 are to produce students who read, think, and understand the message of the author and to direct their hearts and minds toward a biblical worldview. The Reading 6 material encourages students to apply the comprehension and listening skills learned to other academic areas.

Math 6 engages student interest using hands-on involvement for developing understanding and for enhancing mastery.  The goals of Math 6 are two-fold: for students to understand math so that they can become problem solvers, and for them to develop a Christian worldview. A variety of methods, ranging from concrete manipulatives to interactive questions to problem-solving skill development, are employed toward this goal. Math 6 provides a framework for critical thinking through instruction in problem solving so students will be well prepared for higher-level math.

Science 6 teaches students to gain an appreciation of God’s creation through their study of the earth, living organisms and classification, electricity, astronomy, heredity, and the nervous and immune systems. The course materials help students think scientifically from a biblical worldview and challenges them to be good stewards of God’s creation.

Spelling 6 equips students with spelling skills in order to produce accurate, God-honoring written communication. The course material is presented in an engaging way from a biblical worldview.

*Handwriting 6 provides a fun, meaningful approach to developing handwriting skills.  A Reason for Handwriting focuses on regular, daily practice. Every weekly lesson is built around one carefully selected Scripture verse. Verses are chosen for not only proper letter combinations, but also inspirational content. And when children spend the week working on a specific verse, that Scripture becomes locked in their memories for a lifetime!


The Old Testament helps tie the Old Testament together instead of teaching unconnected events. The accounts we read in the Old Testament are related as true history and how they connect forward to Christ. It teaches critical thinking as well as moral lessons as God works out his plan of redemption.   

World Studies begins with a brief review of history from creation to the coming of Christ and progresses in a chronological journey around the world, studying empires, cultures, Christianity, and world religions. Through the engaging lessons, students gain a biblical perspective on history, cultural values, governmental systems, and more, and will be able to think critically about these topics.

Writing & Grammar 7 focuses on the eight parts of speech. It includes an emphasis on correct grammatical usage. Students also review reference material such as spelling hints, dictionary usage, library usage, study skills, and composition skills.

Explorations in Literature teaches a biblical perspective on six unit themes—courage, nature and man, generosity, our land, humility, and family. Thinking Zones help the student interpret and evaluate authors, works, themes, and terms in light of Scripture.

Fundamentals of Math focuses on problem solving and real-life uses of math with special features in each chapter while reinforcing computational skills and building a solid math foundation. Dominion through math problems regularly illustrates how mathematics can be used to manage God’s creation for His glory.

Life Science covers the structure and functions of cells, genetics, heredity, reproduction, the six living kingdoms, and health. The course content guides students through a study of biblical creation with a critique of evolutionary theory, helping them understand how science can help them defend their beliefs. Engaging lectures, field trips, guest scientists, and animated body systems build critical-thinking skills and apply science to real-world applications.

Logic introduces students to critical-thinking skills and informal fallacies from a biblical perspective.  Students learn how to assess the logical coherence of what they read. They use The Fallacy Detective (N. Bluedorn and H. Bluedorn. Published by Christian Logic, 2009) and the Thinking Tool Box (N. Bluedorn and H Bluedorn. Published by Christian Logic, 2005.)

EightH Grade

Learning from the Life of Christ covers our Lord’s earthly life and ministry. Students are inspired by the example of Christ’s own life experiences and the way He dealt with both friends and enemies. In addition, many other valuable lessons are drawn from Christ’s sermons, miracles, and parables. This is then applied to how we as Christian should live based on Christ's example.

Answers 4 Teens (Vol. 1 & 2 written by Ken Ham, Bodie Hodge, and Dr. Tommy Mitchell) dives into apologetics by giving teens answers to question to help them defend their faith. They are faced with many secular influences coming from different directions (friends, media, etc.) and struggle as to why they should believe the Bible since the world tells them differently. These books hit tough subjects head on so that the students will not only grow in their faith but also then be able to be bold witnesses for Christ. 

 American Republic unfolds the history of the United States through richly detailed narrative and a colorful, engaging presentation. Starting with the discovery of the New World, the text traces the path of American history up to the present day. In addition to a historical account, American Republic demonstrates the distinctiveness of American values and government and emphasizes the importance of understanding and appreciating United States history.

English 8 presents clear instruction in writing and grammar, including an overview of the writing process and many focused writing activities. Writing & Grammar 8 reviews the eight parts of speech, five basic sentence patterns, usage, and mechanics, and discusses grammar elements such as participles, gerunds, and infinitives. Writing projects include a news report, a character profile, a short fable, and an in-class essay.

 Excursions in Literature provides a rich collection of literature selections to help students gain an appreciation and understanding of literary techniques as they study a variety of genres of literature from a range of cultures. Students are encouraged to develop and apply critical thinking skills as they analyze the literature pieces in light of a Christian worldview.

 Pre-Algebra eases the transition from arithmetic to algebra. Algebraic expressions and linear equations are applied throughout a thorough review of operations on integers, fractions, decimals, percents, and radicals. Students explore relations and functions using equations, tables, and graphs. Chapters on statistics and geometry extend foundational concepts in preparation for high school courses. Problem-solving and real-life uses of math are featured in each chapter. Dominion through Math exercises regularly illustrate how mathematics can be used to manage God's creation to His glory.

 Earth Science guides students in an examination of God’s handiwork. Affirming the young earth creationist view of the Earth’s history and disproving the evolutionary views pervading the scientific community and modern culture, the science educational materials presents an engaging study of scientific philosophies and models, meteorology, geology, and oceanography.

 Vocabulary demonstrates how languages such as Greek and Latin have contributed to modern English. Games, puzzles, and reinforcement activities keep your students’ interest while building their vocabulary.


Cultural Geography provides a survey of geographic principles through a regional approach. Beginning in North America, students will "travel" from continent to continent around the world studying the geography, cultures, land forms, climates, resources, economy, religions, and government of each country. The students will learn how all the cultures go back to Noah which go back to Adam, so we are all related as we are part of the human race!

Writing & Grammar 9 reviews the eight parts of speech, five basic sentence patterns, usage, and mechanics. Introduce relative pronouns, pronoun reference problems, indicative/imperative mood. Dictionary skills, library skills, study skills, and the writing process are part of the year's work. Literature selections provide students the opportunity to analyze real texts. Writing projects include paragraphs of comparison/contrast and personal experience, a research essay, poetry and devotional writing, a personal response to literature.

Fundamentals of Literature conveys the literature’s foundational elements of conflict, character, theme, point of view, structure and tone. Students are also introduced to literary criticism and are encouraged to read and analyze literature in light of a Christian worldview. The literature selections are delivered in an attractive new format accompanied by rich illustrations, author biographies, and application questions that promote critical thinking skills.

Vocabulary concludes the special emphasis on Latin word parts, discusses the difference between denotative and connotative meaning, and expands the discovery of word meaning through context. Each lesson provides word games, puzzles, and reinforcement activities to help students build and retain vocabulary.

Algebra 1 focuses on the integration of algebraic concepts in technology and real-life applications, presenting topics in logical order with detailed examples that promote student comprehension and retention. Students explore the simplification, solving, graphing and interpretation of linear, exponential, radical, quadratic, and rational functions both manually and with technology. Internet search keywords help students locate online tools and enrichment. Additional review exercises are carefully designed for student review, retention, and preparation for the next lesson. Each chapter features graphing calculator tutorials, lessons in sequences and series, and a mathematical biography or career segment. Biblical truths and principles are taught through Dominion Modeling exercises that illustrate how mathematics is used to serve others and glorify God.

Physical Science gradually builds the student’s understanding of physics concepts in a logical sequence. Beginning with classical mechanics, the text progresses through work and energy, wave phenomena, electricity and magnetism, and light and optics. These transition naturally into the chemistry topics, beginning with the atomic model, then to elements and compounds, chemical reactions, and finishing with solutions, and acids, basis, and salts. Every chapter shows by example why the subject matter is relevant to a Christian worldview of science. Each lab reinforces key concepts of the chapter, enhancing the overall learning experience, encouraging higher-level thinking skills, and aiding in knowledge retention.

Speech was created by God so that we would have the ability to communicate with our Maker and also with other humans. This course will prepare students to have good oral communication skills not only for the workplace but also to be able to effectively communicate the truths of God’s Word. Speech involves topic choice, research, organization, and effective communication. Speaking projects include introductions, interviews, demonstration speeches, declamations, informative speeches, devotional speeches, and persuasive speeches. Students will also participate in discussions of the communication process, audience analysis, and public speaking guidelines.

High school bible

Our four years of Bible interconnect to give a students a comprehensive guide to apologetics (defending the faith).

Ninth Grade Bible

At the ninth grade level, the students embark on a study of Genesis 1-11 in the first semester by answering top questions surrounding creation apologetics topics such as six day creation, the fall of Satan and mankind, the Flood of Noah, and the Tower of Babel. Dealing with practical questions and issues surrounding attacks on these early chapters in the Bible. During the second semester, ninth graders tackle the top questions in the creation-evolution and biblical authority debate in the world famous New Answers Books series. 

Tenth Grade Bible

Continuing the logical flow of Bible into tenth grade, the students are diving into logic at an upper level in their first semester. Teaching the youth how to think properly using logic to apply to arguments and debates and to “think God’s thoughts after Him”.  The second semester practically applies this learned knowledge by going through alleged Bible contradictions to see the fallacies behind them. God is a logical God and we are made in His image—this is why we can reason, use logic, understand truth, and come to conclusions on matters.

Eleventh Grade Bible

Eleventh grade students will approach world religions, cults, and philosophical systems in the first semester tackling all four divisions of religions. These are (1) Eastern religions (all is spirit—all is one), (2) materialistic religions (all is material), (3) moralistic religions (pagan, mythological, and arbitrary religions) and finally (4) counterfeits of Christianity (Islam, Mormonism, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Satanism, etc.). The following semester students deal with general apologetic topics, faults of old earth creation models, and defending the resurrection.

Twelfth Grade Bible

The final year, students learn about worldviews in conflict following Western philosophy from its infancy to modern times and the Bible’s influence on it. Finally capping the course with modern Christian presuppositional philosophers who have devastated all other false religions and philosophies using a technique that starts with God and His Word as the ultimate standard of proof and provability. 

From ninth grade to twelfth grade, this logical approach to Bible and apologetics should prepare the students to have answers for many of the world’s attacks on God and His Word.    

* *A Reason For Handwriting® is used for Handwriting in grades 2–6.  All other textbooks are provided by BJU Press, unless otherwise noted.